Updated July 22 2021

- from Sunday August 1 to Tuesday August 31, re-opening Wednesday September 1, by appointment as detailed below. 

This is the 2021 Plant List (scroll down). It is updated regularly so you can be confident that what is listed is in stock, but for details of quantity etc., call 705-322-2545.

We continue to welcome customers by appointment, which gives you a wider range of hours within which we can accommodate you. Do come to browse or chat without feeling any obligation to buy. To book an appointment, call 705-322-2545.  Inquiries and plant orders are best sent by email to This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.

LOCATION: Just north of Elmvale, Ontario, inland from Georgian Bay, north of Barrie, east of Wasaga Beach, south of Midland, west of Orillia. The postal address is 1186 Flos Rd. 10. Elmvale ON L0L 1P0.

Do not use GPS to get to our nursery - it will mislead you! Follow directions on this

PAYMENT OPTIONS: e-transfer, cheque, cash. No credit or debit cards and no Paypal.

About our plants: 
All plants are potted and hardy in the Huronia area. We use no pesticides or commercial fertilizers, to ensure that our plants are safe for pollinators and other insects and therefore safe up the food chain. Most are grown from seed at the ROTN nursery. Some are sourced from other Ontario native plant propagators. No peat is used in our potting mix, which relieves pressure on the world's dwindling wetlands. The soil-based mix helps your plants accommodate quickly to the natural, non-peat surroundings you probably have in your yard, and guards against frost penetrating root systems in winter.

About this nursery:
This is not a garden centre. It is a small enterprise located in the gardens of our family home. Think of it as a small boutique operation, with a varied selection of perennial species, some not easily found.

No shipping
(except for books)

Please recycle:
We are always happy to have our pots and labels returned.

Useful reference for lakefront residents and cottagers: Lake Huron Coastal Dune Plants Guide

Slideshow photography by Anne McArthur

Services Include:
  • Advice on creating an ornamental garden that works for you, your birds, your bees etc...
  • Advice on creating a traditional Medicine Wheel Garden
  • Advice on controlling invasives (see also what not to plant)
  • Onsite consultations: $100, payable on the day of the visit, for an on-site consultation in the Barrie/Midland/Wasaga Beach area (includes written report with suggested plantings). Mileage charge of 55c/km to go further afield. Consultations will be offered from June 1 onwards. Call 705-322-2545.
  • Speaking Engagements - in person or virtual. Topics include native plants, Monarch butterflies, pollinators, birds in your garden, creating habitat, the nature of soil, invasive species and related topics - Fee: $100.
  • Contract growing & potting
  • Find-a-plant - we are always interested in trying to track down a native plant if you have a specific request
Quantities per customer may be limited acording to availability. Prices subject to change.

Annuals & Biennials

Artemisia campestris - Beach Wormwood
20-80 cm This is a dune plant - a biennial, which means it lives for two years, producing a basal circle of leaves in the first year, flowers and seed in the second. Happy in sand, in full sun and dry conditions. Pretty silvery green leaves, with small pale yellow-green flowers in July-September. 1/2 gal pot $7


Agastache foeniculum - Anise Hyssop
100 cm approx. Our all-round favourite pollinator plant! Highlighted as a top performer by the Xerces Society. Member of the mint family. Bees and butterflies are irresistibly drawn to these pretty blue-purple flower spikes with leaves that smell and taste of anise (delicious in teas, salads and cooking). Grows into effective clumps, not fussy, not aggressive, self-seeds readily. Flowers early and late, in fact it's one of the last plants to stay in flower in fall, providing sustenance for tardy pollinators. Sun, part shade. 1 gal pot $6

Amsonia ciliata - Fringed Bluestar

50-80 cm Clump-forming perennial with clusters of lovely star-like, pale blue flowers. Blooms in June. Attractive narrow leaves turn gold in fall. Not native to Ontario*, but further south on eastern North American continent - as far north as North Carolina. It is perfectly hardy here in Huronia. Accommodates to a variety of soils. Sun with some shade. 1 gal $9

Anemone canadensis - Canada Anemone
See under Groundcovers

Anemone cylindrica - Thimbleweed
60 - 100 cm. Small white flowers in early summer, with long-lasting thimble-shaped seedheads in summer and fall that burst into fluffy cottony masses for winter interest, and wildlife food and nesting material. Pleasing deeply divided foliage. Does best in poor soil. Drought tolerant. Self-seeds readily. Sun or shade. 1 gal  $6

Aquilegia canadensis - Wild Columbine
30-80 cm Flowers in May-June, one of the glories of Ontario's deciduous forests, more glorious also than any other aquilegia. Its delicate hanging flowers have tubular red and yellow petals, flat red sepals and long spurs with yellow anthers. Attractive green foliage. Pollinated by hummingbirds and long-tongued bumble bees. Best in well-drained soil in partial shade but adaptable - grows in sun in dry rocky terrain and poor gravelly soil. Self-seeds. 8.5 cm pot $3

Argentina anserina - Silverweed Cinquefoil
See under Groundcovers

Artemisia ludoviciana - White Sage
60-80 cm Also known as Silver Wormwood and Western Mugwort. Aromatic pale grey foliage. Prefers poor soil and dry conditions. Can spread aggressively. One of the four medicine plants, used in purification ceremonies (smudging). Not the culinary plant. 9 cm pot $6

Asarum canadense - Wild Ginger
See under Groundcover

Chelone glabra - White Turtlehead 
30-90 cm Spikes of white flowers in August- September, the distinctive shape of the flower gives the plant its common name. Narrow lance-shaped leaves. Larval host for the Baltimore Checkerspot butterfly.  Visited most frequently by worker bumblebees and hummingbirds -  bees must push their way into the flower by forcing open the upper and lower lips to access the nectar. Full sun or part shade. Some moisture needed in the soil. 8.5 cm pot $5

Conoclinium coelestinum - Blue Mist
70-90 cm Native to points south and west of the Great Lakes* - USDA map. Blooms in September, with beautiful flat-top clusters of delicate powder-blue flowers that look like Ageratum. Closely related to the white-flowered Bonesets (Eupatorium spp.), and sometimes referred to as Eupatorium coelestinum. Good cut flower, rain garden plant. Full sun to light shade - prefers moist conditions, is an aggressive spreader so containment is advised. 1 gal pot $8

Coreopsis lanceolata - Lance-leaved Coreopsis
60 cm Also known as Sand Coreopsis or Sand Tickseed. Bright yellow, daisy-like flowers on long stems bloom in late spring and into summer (deadhead to prolong flowering). Drought tolerant, grows on sandy or poor soil. Attracts pollinators. Full sun. 8.5 cm pot $6

Coreopsis tripteris - Tall Coreopsis
A tall (2 metres plus), picturesque plant with long stems that sway in the wind. Daisy-like pale yellow flowers with maroon centres from July to September. Accommodates to most soils, good in sand. Sun. 1 gal pot $8

Echinacea pallida - Pale Purple Coneflower
90 cm Slim pale petals, lavender to pink, droop from the orange-bronze centre. An early bloomer (June), providing welcome nectar for returning hummingbirds and butterflies. Goldfinches feed on the seed. Full to part sun. Average soil. 1 gal pot $9

Echinacea purpurea – Purple Coneflower
110 cm A classic: large pink daisy-like flowers with orange-bronze centres on erect stems. One of the joys of an Ontario summer, blooms from July to October. A nectar plant that's visited by many pollinators, including hummingbirds and Monarch butterflies. Seed enjoyed by goldfinches. Strong structure for winter interest. Sun or light dappled shade. Average soil. 1 gal pot $7

Euthamia graminifolia – Flat-topped Goldenrod 
30-150 cm. Also known as Lance-leaved or Grass-leaved Goldenrod. In fact, in a different genus to other familiar Goldenrods that are in the Solidago genus (both are in the Asteraceae family). Pretty fragrant pale yellow flowers and a delicate form make this a desirable garden plant. Most Goldenrods do seed, spread and try to take over. While this is not the worst offender, it is a spreader, and - like the others - a gorgeous celebration of the end of summer and a key pollinator plant. Sun, average soil. 1 gal pot $8

Eupatorium perfoliatum – Common Boneset 

100-160 cm Showy clusters of white flowers that are delightfully fragrant, plant near a path to enjoy the scent. Leaves are "perfoliated," meaning they clasp the stem. This made it a folk remedy, based on the idea that a poultice of this plant could help broken bones knit together. Blooms July-October. Excellent pollinator plant. Full sun. Said to prefer moisture but does well in dry conditions. 1 gal pot $8 

Eutrochium maculatum – Spotted Joe Pye Weed
180 cm plus Formerly known as Eupatorium maculatum. One of the most glorious native plants in our area, Joe Pye grows six feet tall and is covered with a cloud of dusky pink flowers in July and August. Attracts hummingbirds, butterflies and pollinators. Later, the fluffy seeds are much relished by white-crowned and white-throated sparrows as they pass through on their fall migration. A wetland plant that accommodates to a variety of soils. But leaves will scorch if conditions are too dry. Sun 1 gal pot $8

Eutrochium purpureum – Sweet-scented Joe Pye Weed 
120 cm A better Joe-Pye for many garden situations, because it is not as tall and - a woodland plant - it grows in drier conditions than Spotted Joe Pye. The flowers are pinker, the stem is purple, at the joints or all the way up. Similarly attractive to hummingbirds, butterflies and other pollinators, with seeds also enjoyed by the white-crowned and white-throated sparrows. 1 gal pot $8

Fragaria virginica – Wild Strawberry
See under groundcovers

Helianthus giganteus - Giant Sunflower
2 m. A dramatic narrow-leaved perennial sunflower with numerous pale yellow flowers on reddish stems, July-October. Likes full sun, moist ground. Use in naturalizing, not in perennial beds, as it spreads and self-seeds aggressively. Like Jerusalem artichokes, produces edible tubers (but fewer and smaller).  From Heather Holm’s Bees: 'Sunflowers have a high wildlife value as they support many species of specialist bees, several moth and butterfly species and produce seeds sought after by songbirds.' 8.5cm pot $6, 1 gal pot $8

Helenium autumnale - Helen's Flower
Up to 1 m Also known as Sneezeweed (no, it won't make you sneeze, its pollen is distributed by insects, not by the wind). Yellow daisy-like flowers with pleasingly recurved petals in July and August. Attracts bees, butterflies and other pollinators. Full sun, moist is its natural condition but it accommodates readily to average soils. 9 cm pot $7

Helianthus divaricatus - Woodland Sunflower
Up to 1.5 metres Bright yellow daisy-like flowers, about 4 cm across, from July to September. Grows in dry shade and attracts a variety of pollinators, which makes it a useful plant for the woodland garden. Larval host for the Silvery Checkerspot, Gorgon Checkerspot and Painted Lady butterflies. Spreads by underground rhizomes, can be aggressive, but less so if grown in shade. 1 gal $9

Liatris spicata - Dense Blazing Star
30-60 cm Wands of blue-violet flowers from July to November attract hummingbirds, butterflies, bees. A Tall Grass Prairie plant that is threatened in the wild by habitat loss. Full sun. Moist to medium soil. 13 cm pot $8

Mentha arvensis - Wild Mint 
65 cm Aromatic foliage, fragrant mauve flowers that bloom July-September in whorls around the axils of the leaves. Attracts small bees, wasps, butterflies. Sun or part sun, moist to average soil. Can be used to make tea. 1 gal $8

Monarda fistulosa – Wild Bergamot Beebalm
60-80 cm approx Soft mauve flowers, sweetly scented, attractive to pollinators - bees, butterflies and hummingbirds. A Xerces Society favourite. Easy to grow, flowers all summer long, self-seeds nicely. 9 cm pot $6

Oenothera fruticosa – Narrow-leaved Sundrops 
To 60 cm No-problem plant with bright yellow flowers that flourishes in poor soil. An Evening Primrose that blooms in daytime. Drought-tolerant. Spreads. Shallow-rooted so easily controlled. Blooms June-July. Visited by hummingbirds, butterflies and many insects (including its own bee - the native Lasioglossum oenotherae bee which is an Evening Primrose specialist and will collect pollen only from plants of this genus. No Oenothera, no bee). Songbirds visit for seeds. Sun or shade 8.5 cm pot $5

Oligoneuron rigidum - Stiff Goldenrod
See Solidago rigida

Packera paupercula - Balsam Ragwort 
35 cm Bright yellow daisy-like flowers with recessed petals grow from a basal rosette. This is a plant found in the Carden Alvar in challenging conditions of little soil, intense drought and seasonal flooding. Also said to prefer moist sandy soil and full or partial sun. Also to be ideal for rock gardens and xeriscaping. 3.5'' pot $5

Penstemon digitalis – Foxglove Beardtongue
80 cm approx Penstemons are one of the most beautiful North American flowering species. Clusters of white bell-shaped flowers on tall erect stems. It's not a member of the foxglove family. Clump-forming, drought-tolerant, sun or part sun/shade, average soils. 9 cm pot $6 

Penstemon hirsutus – Hairy Beardtongue 

60 cm aprox Lavender bell-shaped flowers, gets its name from the hairs on the stem. A little shorter than the Foxglove Beardtongue, clump-forming, drought-tolerant, a pleasing front of border plant. Sun or part sun/shade, average soils. 9 cm pot $6         

Physostegia virginiana - Obedient Plant
100-130 cm Mauve or white flower spikes. So named because the flowers can be bent into position and will stay that way for a while. Another name is False Dragonhead. An underrated plant that is very effective at the back of the border and is always buzzing with pollinators - hummingbirds, butterflies, bees, etc. Spreads but relatively easy to control as it is shallow rooted. 9 cm pot $6

Rudbeckia laciniata - Green-headed Coneflower

90-150 cm Also known as Cutleaf Coneflower. The Cherokee call it Sochan and consider it an important medicine and a nutritious part of their diet. (The spring shoots are delicious. Cook like spinach.) Tall, with a lanky appearance, it has unusual light green central cones with drooping bright yellow petals and smooth, deeply cut foliage. It's a spreader. Its natural habitat is along stream banks and in moist forests, it prefers partial sun and poorly drained moist conditions. 1 gal pot $9

Scrophularia marilandica - Carpenter’s Square
60-150 cm The name comes from its squared-off stem. Also known as Eastern or Late Figwort. A handsome plant, but the flowers are not showy. However, its exceptionally abundant nectar makes it highly attractive to hummingbirds, butterflies, native bees and beneficial insects. In fact, Figworts are given a special rating by the Xerces Society because of their value to insects. Broad panicles of small dark red cup-like flowers that bloom from July through October. Sun or part shade, accommodates to a range of soils, including sand. 1/2 - 1 gal pots $8

Silphium perfoliatum - Cup Plant
2 to 2.5 m One of the tallest native perennials. Showy yellow daisy-type flowers from July-October. Drought-tolerant. Leaves clasp the stem to make a cup that holds rainwater for several days where it is used by songbirds, butterflies and other insects. Develops deep roots. Self-seeds readily. Accommodates to a variety of soils. Sun to part shade. 1 gal $8

Solidago nemoralis - Grey Goldenrod
50 cm approx - A small goldenrod that blooms later and is less aggressive than other sun-loving goldenrods. It gets its name from the downy greyish-green stems and has an attractive vase-shaped form with arching one-sided plumes of yellow flowers. The preference is full sun and dry soil (sand, clay or gravel) because this means reduced competition. A good choice for difficult locations, such as sunny slopes or open areas with poor soil, where little else will grow. Goldenrods head the Doug Tallamy list of best plants for supporting pollinators. 1 gal pot $8

Solidago rigida - Stiff Goldenrod
90-150 cm Recently reassigned from the Solidago genus to the Oligoneuron genus, so properly referred to as O. rigidum. Bright yellow flat-topped flowers from July to October are an important source of nectar for many pollinators and a reliable late-summer source for migrating butterflies like Monarchs. Seeds are consumed by birds. The plant’s deep fibrous root system doesn’t spread rapidly like some of the other rhizomatous goldenrods; it does self-seed. Full sun. Adaptable to a wide variety of soils - clay, loam, sand. 1 gal $8

Sisyrinchium montanum – Blue-eyed Grass 
See under perennials

Sisyrinchium montanum – Blue-eyed Grass ADDED
30 cm Actually not a grass at all, but a miniature iris, a little jewel of a plant with fan-shaped leaves. bright blue flowers with yellow centres that open in the morning, close in the afternoon - blooming in June-July. Plants gradually form larger clumps. Sun to part shade, well drained soils, with some moisture. Add a layer of leafmould if planting in sand. 8.5 cm'pot $6

Symphyotrichum novae angliae - New England Aster
80-100 cm Also known as Michaelmas Daisy – the essential fall flower, much loved by pollinators feeding up before winter.  A lovely purple to offset the yellows of many fall-flowering plants. Drought-tolerant, salt-tolerant. Blooms from September to October. Sun or part-shade. Accommodates to a variety of soils. 8.5 cm pot $5, 1 gal pot $7

Symphyotrichum laeve - Smooth Aster
30-90 cm With showy blue flowers surrounding a yellow disk that darkens to a purplish red, this is one of the most attractive blue asters. Light  green foliage is smooth, almost waxy. Blooms August to October. Needs to be kept free of competition from taller, more aggressive plants. Full sun, average soil, dry to medium moisture. Great wildlife value - visited by many species of pollinators for nectar and pollen, seeds are consumed by the Tree Sparrow and White-footed Mouse, and by the Ruffed Grouse and Wild Turkey (which also eat the leaves). 1 gal $8

Symphyotrichum urophyllum - Arrow-leaved Aster
30-90 cm Small white flowers (occasionally pale blue to lilac) in dense clusters, yellow discs turn purple. Blooms August-October. Great pollinator plant. Partial sun. Variety of soils. 8.5 cm pot $6

Tiarella cordifolia – Heartleaf Foamflower  
See under groundcovers 

Thalictrum dasycarpum - Purple Meadow Rue

180 cm Here's the testimonial from Prairie Moon Nursery, where we got the seed: "This 6 foot beauty may be the most graceful plant that you encounter in a medium-wet prairie or savanna. The stems are distinctly purple, thus the name, and strong to hold up to high winds." The flowers are dangling cream panicles, produced in late spring. Moist soil, full to part sun 1 gal $9

Tradescantia ohiensis - Ohio Spiderwort ADDED
120 cm Very attractive to bees and other pollinators. Lovely blue three-petalled flowers with showy yellow stamens open early morning, closed by afternoon. Lance-like foliage. At its best in June and July, but continues flowering through summer and into fall, albeit less intensely. Develops a spreading fibrous root system that is hard to dig up - so plant it where it is to stay. Self-seeds and spreads readily, so watch out! Good for a prairie planting, erosion control and bank stabilization. Most at home in full sun and well-drained sandy soil, but adapts easily to part shade and a full range of soil conditions. 8.5 cm pot $5

Verbena hastata – Blue Vervain
60-180 cm Candelabra-like inflorescences of slender spikes of purple-blue flowers, often seen in ditches. Short-lived perennial, will self-seed. Attracts butterflies and bees. Larval host for the Common Buckeye Butterfly. Sun, average to poor soil, needs some moisture. 8.5 cm pot $5 1 gal pot $8

Vernonia fasciculata - Common Ironweed
150 cm Not quite as tall as Tall Ironweed (V. gigantia) but still pretty tall and also very lovely, with purple flowers that form a denser, more flat-topped cluster. Attracts pollinates, including many butterflies. The tall stems need no support. The tawny-golden seedheads remain standing all winter and are a resource for birds. Grows in damp in the wild but still flourishes in dry soil. Pamper it with a mulch of rotted leaf litter. 1 gal pot $9

Veronicastrum virginicum - Culver's Root ADDED
70-160 cm Tall unbranched stems bearing white candelabra-like flower spikes from mid-summer to fall. Leaves arranged in whorls around the stem. Full to part sun, moist to average soil. 1 gal $7

Grasses & Sedges

Andropogon gerardii - Big Bluestem
140-180 m. One of the dominant species of the North American tallgrass prairie prior to settlement. Highly ornamental with grey-green foliage turning bronze-red in autumn. Appearing in August, the inflorescences consist of three-pronged purplish spikelets from which depend pretty contrasting yellow anthers and resemble (some say) a turkey’s foot, giving it one of its alternative names – Turkeyfoot. Deeply rooted, forms a dense clump. A high-protein forage species, also being considered as potential feedstock for ethanol production. Songbirds eat the seeds, grasshopppers, katydids and other insects eat the foliage. Drought-tolerant. Full sun to part shade, accommodates to a wide variety of soils.  8.5 cm pot $6

Carex hystericina - Porcupine Sedge
100 cm An attractive sedge of marshes and wet meadows with a bristly flower spike, provides food for many species of wetland birds. Will grow in average dry soil. Full sun. 1 gal $8

Elymus canadensis – Canada Wild Rye ADDED
1.2 m A native grass that grows in riparian woodlands, many types of forest, lakeside sand dunes, and tallgrass prairie. Arching stems are weighted by the nodding, whiskery inflorescences that appear in August. Can be used for stabilizing eroded areas. Seeds feed birds. Full to part sun. Accommodates to a variety of soil conditions. 8.5 cm pot $5

Elymus hystrix - Eastern Bottlebrush Grass
80 cm approx Sometimes called (erroneously) Hystrix patula. A clump-forming woodland native that looks great in the shade garden. Pale bottlebrush shaped seedheads stand out in low light, appearing from late June onwards, Can be used in dried arrangements. Average soil. Part to full shade. 1/2 gal pot $7

Hierochloe odorata - Sweet Grass 
Aromatic grass, grows to about 20 cm (8 inches), spreads vigorously through underground rhizomes. One of the four medicine plants, used in North American indigenous purification ceremonies (smudging). 8.5 cm pot $5

Panicum virgatum - Switchgrass ADDED
70 cm A plant of the tallgrass prairie in Ontario, adaptable to many soil types and conditions, used for sand dune stabilization, soil erosion control and wildlife habitat. Medium height, delicate airy panicles turn bronze in fall. 8.5 cm pot $5

Schizachyrium scoparium - Little Bluestem
70 cm One of the prairie warm season grasses which start growing later than cold season ones, in June, and remain lush and green all summer. These grasses have very deep roots, some up to 6 feet, which makes them drought tolerant.They are not invasive. Medium height grass, at its peak in August/September.Part shade to full sun, in dry to medium moisture in sandy to loam soil. $7

Sorghastrum nutans - Indian Grass
100-140 cm A dramatically beautiful tallgrass prairie plant, with bronze spikelets in June from which tiny golden flowers depend. Deep-rooted, clump-forming, great fall colour and continuing winter interest. Major wildlife value – various species of grasshopper (an important food for many songbirds) feed on the foliage. Birds consume the seeds and use the foliage for nesting material and cover. Sun. Accommodates to a variety of soils. 1 gal pot $7

Pond Plants

Acorus americanus - Sweet Flag 
30-90 cm A pond plant with a curious pale yellow flower. The straplike leaves are aromatic, the root is favoured by muskrats. Part shade, moist to wet soil. 1 gal pot $8

Caltha palustris - Marsh Marigold
60 cm One of the first wildflowers to bloom in spring, a conspicuous and showy yellow. Not a true marigold, which is related to the Aster family, but a member of the ranunculus spp (buttercups). Full sun to shade, moist soil or even shallow standing water. 8.5 cm pot $4


Atthyrium felix-femina - Lsdy Fern
90 cm Arching lime-green fronds brighten a dark corner. Clump spreads gradually. Great for woodland, rain gardens, streams or ponds. Moist soil from sand to loam, part to full shade. 1 gal pot $9

Cystopteris bulbifera - Bulblet Fern

60 cm Graceful rock-loving fern that will also grow in average soil in part sun / part shade. Round bulblets form on the light green fronds and can fall to grow into a new plant. 10 cm pot $7

Matteuccia struthiopteris – Ostrich Fern
75-125 cm A tall, striking fern that works well in formal gardens. Moist shade, but adaptable to many conditions. A vigorous spreader - don't plant unless you can give it space to run. Coiled spring shoots are edible (remove bronze-coloured sheath and boil in 3 waters). Sun, shade or part shade.1 gal $8

Onoclea sensibilis – Sensitive Fern

Up to 50 cm Its sensitivity is to frost, its fronds will wither at the first touch, but the plant is hardy and will be back in spring. Moist shade or part shade. Spreads. 1/2 gal $7


Anemone canadensis - Canada Anemone
30-60 cm Charming white flowers, good foliage with deeply cut sharply toothed leaves, blooms from late May through to July. Spreads aggressively - don't plant unless you want it to occupy a space where it can run, or you can contain it, like mint. Habitat is moist meadows, swamp, banks of streams and rivers, but accommodates to average, even dry soil. Good for erosion control. Sun or shade. 8.5 cm pot $5

Argentina anserina - Silverweed Cinquefoil 
25 cm Previously known as Potentilla argentina. Low-growing, attractive compound foliage with silvery hairy underside, spreads aggressively with red runners, yellow flowers from June to September. Attracts bees. This is a pioneer plant species that helps stabilize wetlands, dunes, and beaches. So, preference is for sandy or gravelly soil, but will accommodate to average conditions. Salt tolerant. Leaves and roots are said to be edible. 8.5 cm pot $4 8,5 cm pot $6

Asarum canadense - Wild Ginger ADDED
30 CM Beautiful rounded leaf with a satin sheen, this is an excellent groundcover for shade. You have to lift the foliage to find the intriguing tricorn maroon flowers that appear in April, lying close to the ground. Ants disperse the seed. Flourishes in moist conditions but will do fine in dry ground. Shade. 1/2 gal $7

Fragaria virginiana – Wild Strawberry
A low-growing, spreading groundcover. Accommodates to average soils, from sand to clay to loam. Good pollinator plant. Sun or shade. Produces tiny fragrant fruit if grown in full sun. 8.5 cm pot $4

Hydrophyllum virginianum - Virginia Waterleaf
20-50 cm A low-growing woodland plant with clusters of pretty blue (sometimes white) flowers in May and June, deeply divided foliage. Shade or part shade, some moisture preferred. Leaves are said to be edible, raw or cooked, best when picked young. Spreads readily by seed and rhizome. 8.5 cm pot $6

Tiarella cordifolia – Heartleaf Foamflower
15 cm (5 inches). An attractive woodland groundcover that spreads slowly by runners. White or pale pink flower spikes create a soft cloud-like effect mid-May to early June. Charming maple-shaped leaves offer continuing interest into fall. Shade or part shade. Average soil (prefers moisture but does fine in dry shade). 10 cm $6


Clematis virginiana - Virgin’s Bower
Up to 6 m Woody vine with clusters of pretty white flowers from June to September and fluffy seedheads that persist to provide winter interest. Full sun or part shade. 1/2 gal $7

Parthenocissus quinquefolia - Virginia Creeper
Beautiful five-lobed leaves that turn brilliant red in fall. Virginia Creeper is not destructive of masonry and adds a level of cooling insulation in summer. It's good nesting habitat and the berries are a high-quality food for birds. A vigorous grower that does have invasive tendencies – but easy to pull out where not wanted. 1 gal $7


Cornus alternifolia – Pagoda Dogwood
See under Small Trees

Small Trees

Cornus alternifolia – Pagoda Dogwood
About 7 m Just a joy - an elegant small tree that arranges its branches in layers – like a pagoda. It can grow as a shrub. White flowers in spring, blue-black berries in July-August that are devoured by birds. Fast-growing. Shade or part shade. 24-44 cm tall in 1 gal pot $7 2 gal $9

Shade Trees

Juglans nigra - Black Walnut 
30 m A majestic fast-growing tree that will provide you with your own nuts. Valuable timber tree. Grow in full sun and rich, moist soil. Some plants will not grow near it but the list of those that are juglone-tolerant is long and varied and includes most natives. 30-50 cm $7-10



*Note: I am a supporter of assisted migration - which means I favour including plants that are native to further south on the Eastern North American continent. We still need to intensify our efforts to restore the plants that belong in our ecosystems here and now, but we should not take an exclusonary view of natives that may need to move northwards because of changing conditions but be unable to keep pace with the accelerating manmade disaster that is climate change. More details on the theory of assisted migration.